A five-year-old girl Maram Izzou Zreiq, died on July 26, 2021, due to wounds inflicted on July 17, 2021, by a double-tap attack carried out by artillery forces which we believe were Russian, who used shells (equipped with a Krasnopol laser guidance system) to target a house in Sarja village in Jabal al Zaweya area in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate.
SNHR notes that the attack caused the death of six civilians, including three of Maram’s siblings, immediately at the time of the incident.
SNHR notes that this shelling is a breach of the ceasefire agreement reached following consultations between the Turkish and Russian presidents, which came into effect on March 6, 2020.
Through this action, Russian forces have, without doubt, committed another violation of Security Council resolutions 2139 and 2254 which prohibit any further indiscriminate attacks, as well as violating the rules of international humanitarian law which stress the distinction between civilians and combatants. Attacks of this nature spread terror and panic among civilians, leading them to flee their lands and homes in an attempt to reach safety, and forcibly displacing them, with the number of internally displaced persons within Syria currently standing at approximately 6.5 million Syrian citizens in total. The international community should put pressure on the Syrian regime and its allies to force them to compensate the displaced victims, rehabilitate homes and vital centers, support the process of political transition, and press all parties to pursue implementation of political transition according to a strict timetable which must not exceed six months, thus enabling millions of IDPs to return homes.