Fixed- wing warplanes which we believe to be Russian carried out two airstrikes on a residential area in al Bab city in the eastern suburbs of Aleppo governorate on the evening of July 15, 2020, injuring at least ten civilians, including children and women, and inflicting severe destruction on a number of home. SNHR can confirm that this is a residential area which is free of any military equipment or presence. Through this action, the Russian regime has, without doubt, committed another violation of Security Council resolutions 2139 and 2254 which prohibited any further indiscriminate attacks, as well as violating the rules of international humanitarian law which stress the distinction between civilians and combatants. Attacks of this nature spread terror and panic among civilians, leading them to flee their lands and homes in an attempt to reach safety and forcibly displacing them, with the number of internally displaced persons within Syria now reaching approximately 6.5 million Syrian citizens in total. The international community should put pressure on the Syrian regime and its allies to compensate the displaced victims, rehabilitate homes and vital centers, support the process of political transition and press all parties to pursue implementation of political transition according to a strict timetable which must not exceed six months, thus enabling millions of IDPs to return home.